Using old behavior by applying true to NMakeUseOemCodePage property solves this issue.
1. Install Japanese language pack to Visual Studio 2019(16.6 later) via Visual Studio Installer (Visual studio Menu > Tool > Get tools and features )
2. Set visual studio language to Japanese in Menu > Tool > Option > Environment > Internationalization
3. Modify a source code to cause a compile error
The compiling error is displayed as garbled characters.
There's no existing public thread on this issue, so head over to AnswerHub just mention UE-102825 in the post.