This is a common crash affecting users on Linux. No additional information is available.
1. Remove ShaderCompileWorker binary from your Binaries folder (rename it to something else)
2. Remove (rename) Engine/DerivedDataCache
3. Start Engine/Binaries/Linux/UE4Editor
There's no existing public thread on this issue, so head over to Questions & Answers just mention UE-47263 in the post.